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You may not know this 10 FACTS ON MENTAL HEALTH

#Fact 1
Around 20% of the world's children and adolescents have mental disorders or problems

About half of mental disorders begin before the age of 14. Similar types of disorders are being reported across cultures. Neuropsychiatric disorders are among the leading causes of worldwide disability in young people. Yet, regions of the world with the highest percentage of population under the age of 19 have the poorest level of mental health resources. Most low- and middle-income countries have only one child psychiatrist for every 1 to 4 million people.

#Fact 2
Mental and substance use disorders are the leading cause of disability worldwide
About 23% of all years lost because of disability is caused by mental and substance use disorders.

#3 About 800000 people commit suicide every year
75% of suicides occur in low- and middle- income countries. Mental disorders and harmful use of alcohol contribute to many suicides around the world.

#Fact 4
War and disasters have a large impact on mental health and psychosocial well-being A woman and a child after theRates of mental disorder tend to double after emergencies.

#Fact 5 Mental disorders are important risk factors for other diseases, as well as unintentional and intentional injury

#Fact 6
Stigma and discrimination against patients and families prevent people from seeking mental health care Sylvester Kantontoka Misunderstanding and stigma surrounding mental ill health are widespread. Despite the existence of effective treatments for mental disorders, there is a belief that they are untreatable or that people with mental disorders are difficult, not intelligent, or incapable of making decisions. This stigma can lead to abuse, rejection and isolation and exclude people from health care or support.

Human rights violations of people with mental and psychosocial disability are routinely reported in most countries

#Fact 8 Globally, there is huge inequity in the distribution of skilled human resources for mental health Shortages of psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, psychologists and social workers are among the main barriers to providing treatment and care in low- and middle-income countries. Low- income countries have 0.05 psychiatrists and 0.42 nurses per 100 000 people. The rate of psychiatrists in high income countries is 170 times greater and for nurses is 70 times greater.

#Fact 9 There are 5 key barriers to increasing mental health services availability In order to increase the availability of mental health services, there are 5 key barriers that need to be overcome: the absence of mental health from the public health agenda and the implications for funding; the current organization of mental health services; lack of integration within primary care; inadequate human resources for mental health; and lack of public mental health leadership.

#Fact 10 Financial resources to increase services are relatively modest The financial resources needed are relatively modest: US$ 2 per capita per year in low-income countries and US$ 3-4 in lower middle-income countries.
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